Critical Incident Group Debriefing (CIGD)

CIGD is a group debriefing process for dealing with the impact of traumatic events.  The process focuses on helping those involved in a critical incident to explore their experiences and learn about stress reactions and symptoms.  The goal of CIGD is to mitigate the impact of a critical incident and to assist the persons involved with recovery from the stress associated with the event. The process usually takes several hours.

CTRI’s philosophy is to first train people who have close connections to the community, school or organization to be able to provide CIGD internally.  However, we recognize there are times when there is not a trained facilitator able to implement this process.  There are also situations where the existing crisis response team is overwhelmed and requires the help from an outside facilitator to lead them through the CIGD process.  In these situations, you might consider augmenting CIGD with the workshop Wellness Strategies for the Helping Professional.

There are four phases to the CIGD process:

  • Step 1 – Introduction
  • – Review reason for meeting
  • – List rules of the gathering
  • Step 2 – Explore Thoughts
  • – Reactions and Experiences
  • – Interpretations/Meaning
  • – Remembering
  • – Coping
  • Step 3 – Teaching
  • – Review symptoms
  • – Explore coping and stress management skills
  • – Review where to go for immediate help
  • Step 4 – Follow-up and Closure
  • – Who needs more individual help